Geography

Hiking The Coastline In The Dungeon Provincial Park in Bonavista
Road to Signal Hill National Historic Site
Tour Guide Near Coastline of Mistaken Point Ecological Reserve
Torngat Mountains National Park
St. John's Harbour

Newfoundland and Labrador is located on the eastern edge of North America. Our capital city shares the same latitude as Paris, France, and Seattle, Washington. And by plane, we're just three hours from Toronto, four from New York, and five and a half from London.

With the North Atlantic Ocean at our doorstep, Newfoundland and Labrador is home to Iceberg Alley, one of the best places in the world to view icebergs. Just off the coast, the meeting of the cool Labrador Current and the warm Gulf Stream creates an abundance of marine life that attracts thousands of whales, and provides rich nesting grounds for millions of seabirds.

How big is it?

To put things in perspective, Newfoundland and Labrador is a little smaller than California, slightly bigger than Japan, and twice the size of the entire United Kingdom.

The island of Newfoundland covers 111,390 square kilometres (43,008 square miles) - an area that rivals the size of the three maritime provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island combined.

With the addition of the vast territory of Labrador, the province covers a total area of 405,212 square kilometres (156,453 square miles), and has more than 29,000 kilometres (18,000 miles) of unspoiled coastline. So it goes without saying, there's plenty of breathing room.

To see all the highlights, you'll likely need two weeks. If you only have time for a shorter trip, choose from one of the many sample itineraries or select a specific region of the province to visit. Take a few more days next time around.

Cities & People

500 Years

Though Newfoundland and Labrador is larger than some countries, it certainly doesn't feel crowded with a relatively small population of 510,000. And while you'll find lots of friendly folks across the province, just over one-third, or 181,000, live in and around the capital city of St. John's.

When it comes to landscape, Newfoundland and Labrador is as vast as it is varied. Here, you'll find Arctic tundra, ancient mountain ranges, lush boreal forest, and rugged coastline that offer limitless opportunities for outdoor adventure in a pristine environment.

On the west coast of Newfoundland, Gros Morne National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is home to the Long Range Mountains and North America's northernmost part of the International Appalachian Trail.

Torngat Mountains National Park, located in Northern Labrador, encompasses a vast, untouched wilderness area and some of the oldest mountains in the world.

In the Central Region, you'll find boreal forests, consisting of dense forests, marshes, and green meadows that extend all the way to Labrador.

Geology

The unique geological landscape of Newfoundland and Labrador attracts scientists and rockhounds from across the globe. It tells the remarkable story of earth's evolution, and features some of the oldest rocks in the world. The Johnson GEO CENTRE, carved out of the prehistoric rock of Signal Hill in St. John's, is a great place to begin your geological journey of the province.

Tablelands

For a fascinating lesson on plate tectonics, and a chance to step on rocks from the earth's mantle, visit the Tablelands in Gros Morne National Park. Torngat Mountains National Park in Northern Labrador is home to 3.9 billion-year-old rocks - some of the oldest in the world.

The spectacularly preserved fossils and petrified remains found at Mistaken Point Ecological Reserve on the Avalon Peninsula date back 565 million years. It's the oldest, most diverse assemblage of multicellular life ever found on earth.

Helpful Links

Getting Here

Western Region

Central Region

Eastern Region

Avalon Region

Labrador Region

Parks Canada – The Story in Stone – Gros Morne National Park