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Newfoundland and Labrador is home to some of the oldest rocks and fossils on the planet.

The Johnson GEO CENTRE is a must-do when visiting St. John’s. Located on Signal Hill, it takes you deep, deep underground amidst rock that’s more than 500 million years old. Get to know the volcanoes, earthquakes, and natural forces that shaped our world at this impressive geology centre.

A short ferry ride will take you to Bell Island, where rock layers, including the iron-rich layers in the famous mine, date back more than 450 million years. Take a tour of Mine #2 and hear the amazing stories of how young miners worked long days with only candlelight for illumination.

Visit Manuels River Hibernia Interpretation Centre in Conception Bay South and travel back 650 million years. Learn about ancient volcanoes, beaches, and glaciers, and discover an extinct marine arthropod that made this area famous. Search for trilobites in the interactive display and touch a 500-million-year-old trilobite fossil.

Journey to the southernmost tip of the Avalon Peninsula and take a guided tour at Mistaken Point Ecological Reserve, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. See fossils of creatures that lived more than 550 million years ago, when all life was in the sea. This is the best place on Earth to witness evidence of the planet’s earliest multicellular life.  

In the Port Union National Historic District, on the Bonavista Peninsula, scientists discovered a 560-million-year-old fossil that is believed to be the oldest-known complex-muscled animal in the world.

On the Burin Peninsula, you’ll see the exposed cliffs at Fortune Head Ecological Reserve, evidence of the geological boundary between the Precambrian Era and the Cambrian Period. Fossils here are from the first skeletal creatures on Earth, dating back 540 million years. Nearby St. Lawrence is remarkable for having the world’s largest fluorite deposits. Visit the Miner's Memorial Museum to learn about the lives and struggles of miners, and how they literally worked themselves into an early grave. 

In western Newfoundland, Gros Morne National Park is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its geological wonders, which contributed greatly to the world’s understanding of plate tectonics. Tour glacially carved inland fjords, walk on the red rocks of the Tablelands which were once found deep in the Earth’s mantle, and hike the coastline at Green Gardens and marvel at the volcanic sea stacks, cliffs, and caves. 

The Table Point Ecological Reserve, located on the Great Northern Peninsula, protects fossils and ancient limestone exposures dating back 470 million years. It’s one of the world's most interesting rock sequences of its kind.

There are few places on Earth like Torngat Mountains National Park, where such an array of geological features and processes can be observed in a single landscape. High mountains, coastal cliffs, deeply incised fjords, and sheer cliffs that cut perpendicular to the rock fabric, provide some of the best exposures of the Earth’s geologic history.

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