The most easterly point of land in North America

10 Jan 2011

In 1834, construction began on the first lighthouse, with a foghorn added in 1878. The light was first lit by oil, with acetylene adopted in 1916, and electricity in 1930. In 1955, the dipodic system was moved to a new light tower, not far from the original lighthouse. The original lighthouse is the oldest surviving lighthouse in Newfoundland with the original building and the lightkeeper’s residence restored to the period of 1939, and shows how a lightkeeper and his family might have lived there during that time.

Because of its proximity to convoy routes during WWII, a gun battery was constructed there to defend the entrance to St. John’s harbour. Barracks and underground passages leading to the bunkers were built for the troops stationed there between 1941-1945.

Cape Spear National Historic Site grounds are open year round. The restored lighthouse is open to visitors from 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., May 15 to October 15. The Visitor Interpretation Centre and the Heritage Gift Shop are open from mid-May to Labour Day (first Monday of September) between 8:30 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. After Labour Day, they are open from 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. until October 15.

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