Historic Sites

People have inhabited Newfoundland and Labrador for 9,000 years. For the first 8,000, aboriginal peoples trod the earth and sometimes ventured out to sea. European's have lived here for over 1,000 years – starting with the Viking landing at L'Anse aux Meadows – and continuing with wider settlement in the 1600s, spurred by rich fishing grounds. Today, archeologists are still piecing together fragments of these long-ago stories, and the many historical sites found throughout this place have unique and meaningful tales to tell. They're just waiting for you to discover them.

Cape Spear

Cape Spear Lighthouse

Avalon

Before the arrival of Cape Spear's lighthouse in 1836, many ships finishing the long voyage across the Atlantic sank to their watery graves here at the most easterly point in North America.

Castle Hill

Castle Hill

Avalon

The fortifications of this 17th and 18th century French capital of Newfoundland were lost to the British at the end of the Seven Year's War.

Hawthorne Cottage

Hawthorne Cottage

Avalon

Once home to the intrepid Arctic explorer Bob Bartlett, this cottage is a fine example of the unique architecture popular amongst merchants in the early 19th century.

L'Anse aux Meadows

L'Anse aux Meadows

Western

500 years before John Cabot or Christopher Columbus stepped foot in the New World, the Vikings built the first European settlement of North America right here.

Port au Choix

Port au Choix

Western

For over 5,500 years, this peninsula has seen many different cultures, including the Maritime Archaic Indians, whose settlement was accidentally uncovered during an excavation for a cinema in 1967.

Red Bay

Red Bay

Labrador

An abundance of right and bowhead whales attracted whalers from the Basque country to this site, which is on Canada's Tentative List for World Heritage.

Ryan Premises

Ryan Premises

Eastern

Learn the story of how James M. Ryan, a savvy fish merchant from the late 19th century, took his father's business and transformed it into an international trading company, adding wealth, political power and legend to the Ryan name.

Signal Hill

Signal Hill

Avalon

Home to Marconi's first transatlantic wireless transmission, this iconic St. John's attraction was also a strategic military post for both the French and the English for centuries.

Provincial Historic Sites

Provincial Historic Sites

 

There are 13 Provincial Historic Sites across Newfoundland and Labrador, all unique, and all capturing a sense of the personality of our rich and diverse past.

Location data provided by the operator. Please confirm location before departure.